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Unread March 5th, 2005, 01:01 PM
Manu Jaaskelainen Manu Jaaskelainen is offline
Join Date: Aug 2004
Location: Kerava, Finland
Posts: 68
Default Re: Adlerian Psychobiography and Psychohistory - Adolf Hitler

There are interesting new approaches to Hitler and his "Reich". Ian Kershaw in his biography on Hitler (two volumes called "Hubris" and "Nemesis" respectively) wants to combine two different and contrasting approaches: on the one hand, the study of Hitler's personality, on the other hand, the study of the contemporary German society. Michael Burleigh in his book "The Third Reich" sees the phenomenon "Third Reich" as a kind of political religion. There was a very close interaction between the personalities of the leading people, and the German society as it existed. Another fruitful method of analysis is to compare Hitler with other leaders, e.g. with Stalin. This comparison, combined with the study of social and political processes, gives very interesting results. The book by Alan Bullock, "Hitler and Stalin: Parallel Lives", is the prime example. The social and political background provided the basic ideas that were transformed by these leaders and their closest men into political ammunition. Both leaders were men who had deeply-rooted hatred in their background. Both had mothers who pampered them. Their fathers were violent persons who abused their children physically and psychologically. Both persons had very high ambitions, but their intelligence was not of a very high level. In their youth, both were subjected to ideological indoctrination, Stalin to communist ideology (in the divinity school) and Hitler to various extremist influences in the barracks of the unemployed men and in the streets of Vienna. Both were very good in combining their ideas into a political message that would find the right kind of response among the people, and both were very paranoid persons. Of these, two Stalin was more reality-oriented than Hitler who preferred to live in his fantasy-world. The problem was that there were many people who were willing to share this fantasy-world with their F├╝hrer. It was a neurotic world, full of imaginary promises.- In his own way, Stalin built up his own fantasy-world in architecture, in Arts, in Music, in first-May demonstrations and so on. Even his fantasies found response among the people. For many people, this gory world of yesterday still causes feelings of nostalgia and longing. - Both men are good examples of a private logic that ,deplorably, found response among so many people and thus had disastrous results.

Last edited by Manu Jaaskelainen; March 6th, 2005 at 03:44 PM. Reason: Small stylistic changes
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