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-   -   CBT groups (http://www.behavior.net/bolforums/showthread.php?t=1019)

Neil Levitsky January 4th, 2007 09:53 PM

CBT groups
 
I've recently started doing some CBT groups (one for depression, and one for generalized anxiety disorder), and I was wondering if others have experience doing CBT in a group format.

I'm curious if anyone has thoughts about groups being disorder-specific, versus a general CBT group. I've been assuming that CBT groups should be diagnostically homogenous, but I wonder if anyone has tried running a general CBT group.

With the depression group I recently started, we're using Mind Over Mood. Does anyone have suggestions of other texts/workbooks they've used with depession groups?

Also, for those doing groups, what do you find to be the optimal size? What about maximum size you find to be reasonable?

Neil

James Pretzer January 11th, 2007 03:47 PM

Re: CBT groups
 
Diagnostically-homogenous groups have some advantages since this makes it easier to tailor groups to participants' needs. However, one can also do a general CBT group effectively as well. One approach is to present general principles and widely appropriate techniques (such as thought sheets, activity scheduling, in-vivo exposure, etc.) and then explore how they apply to each group member's issues. This takes more thought and effort on the therapist's part than a group where all participants are dealing with the same problems, but can work well.

A recent post to the ACBT mailinglist recommended having a co-therapist who is also skilled in CBT rather than having a single therapist lead the group. This makes it easier to respond promptly to each participant's questions and concerns. Also, one therapist can attend to group process while the other is presenting content.

One diagnosis where number of experts recommend a disorder-specific group is Borderline Personality Disorder. Reportedly, having one or two participants with BPD in a heterogenous group tends to disrupt the group while a group where all participants have BPD goes better. (I'd definitely want a co-therapist) Marsha Linehan's manual for DBT groups would be a good starting place whether you're doing DBT or CBT in general.

Mind Over Mood should work well for the kind of groups you've described. In addition, David Barlow has written a number of treatment manuals that may be useful. They can be found at http://www.bu.edu/anxiety/dhb/treatmentmanuals.shtml While I can't vouch for it personally, I've heard good things about Cognitive Therapy in Groups: Guidelines and Resources for Practice by Michael L. Free (Wiley, 1999). Reportedly it proposes session-by-session protocols, includes handouts for clients, and even has the overhead projector illustrations that you can use to help communicate the theory and practice effectively.

I don't do group therapy myself. I hope forum participants who do will contribute their observations and suggestions.

James Pretzer July 9th, 2007 09:39 PM

Re: CBT groups
 
Three other texts that have been recommended re CBT in groups are:

Bieling, P.J., McCabe, R.E., & Antony, M.M. (2006). Cognitive behavioral therapy in groups. New York: Guilford.



White, J. R. & Freeman, A. S. (2000). Cognitive-behavioral group therapy: For specific problems and populations. Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.



Rose, S. D. (1999). Group therapy: A cognitive-behavioral approach. In J. R. Price & D. R. Hescheles (Eds.) A guide to starting psychotherapy groups. San Diego, CA: Academic Press.


(I can't vouch for any of them myself)

mugwump July 10th, 2007 01:47 AM

Re: CBT groups
 
The following has some free CBT manuals
which may be useful

http://www.crufad.com/pdf/index_pdf.htm


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