* Scheck, M.M., Schaeffer, J.A. & Gillette, C.S. (1998). Brief psychological intervention with traumatized young women: The efficacy of eye movement desensitization and reprocessing. Journal of Traumatic Stress, 11, 25-44
Abstract: To study the efficacy of eye movement desensitization and
reprocessing (EMDR) with traumatized young women, 60 women between the ages
of 16 and 25 were randomly assigned to two sessions of either EMDR or an
active listening (AL) control. Factorial ANOVA interaction effects and
simple main effects for outcome measures (Beck Depression Inventory,
State-Trait Anxiety Inventory, Penn Inventory for Posttraumatic Stress
Disorder, Impact of Event Scale, Tennessee Self-Concept Scale) indicated
significant improvement for both groups and significantly greater pre-post
change for EMDR-treated participants. Pre-post effect sizes for the EMDR
group averaged 1.56 compared to 0.65 for the AL group. Despite treatment
brevity, the posttreatment outcome variable means of EMDR-treated
participants compared favorably with nonpatient or successfully treated
norm groups on all measures.
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