The Division 12 (Clinical Psychology) Task Force on Psychological Interventions has worked for several years to establish and revise criteria for judging whether a treatment may be considered to be empirically supported. Several lists of examples of well-established and probably efficacious treatments have been published. Please see those reports (Chambless et al., in press; Chambless et al., 1996; Task Force on Promotion and Dissemination of Psychological Procedures, 1995) for complete details. To assist clinicians and educators in learning more about these treatments with scientific support, the Task Force on Psychological Interventions has also endeavored to publicize information about how to obtain manuals detailing those treatments considered to be well-established (Sanderson & Woody, 1995). The present resource represents an updated list of manuals that have been published or are available from the author(s).
What qualifies as a manual? In building this resource, we attempted to locate materials that provide sufficient detail to allow a trained clinician to replicate the treatment. Of course, no treatment manual is adequate in the absence of solid theoretical grounding and supervised training in the particular approach. Recognizing this, we have also included, when available, information about training in these approaches. We specifically excluded conference workshops as a training resource, because these workshops typically do not offer the opportunity for supervised experience.
This resource listing of manuals is based on the most recent Task Force report (in press). We wrote to leading investigators in well-established areas of treatment research, particularly those scientists whose work formed the basis for judging a particular treatment to be efficacious. These investigators provided citations for manuals that have been published. Many authors offered to provide copies of unpublished manuals to clinicians, although requests must be accompanied by a check to cover the costs of photocopying and postage. Because this resource is based on the judgments of the Task Force on Psychological Interventions, it is necessarily limited to those areas that have been thoroughly reviewed by the Task Force. We have included manuals corresponding to treatments judged to be well-established as a service to professionals who wish to learn more about scientifically supported treatments. No judgment about treatments or manuals not appearing on the list is implied. Careful readers may notice that some treatments that appeared on the 1995 listing of manuals do not appear in this edition; these deletions are due to revisions in the Task Forceís list of examples of well-established treatments.
A copy of this resource is available from the Division 12 Central Office. Send a stamped, self-addressed envelope and $1.50 for handling to P.O. Box 1082, Niwot, CO 80544.
Fairburn, C.G. (1985). Cognitive-behavioral treatment for bulimia. In D. M. Garner and P. E. Garfinkel (Eds.) Handbook of psychotherapy for anorexia nervosa and bulimia. New York: Plenum Press.
Fairburn, C. G., Marcus, M. D., & Wilson, G. T. (1993). Cognitive-behavioral therapy for binge eating and bulimia nervosa. In C. G. Fairburn & G. T. Wilson (Eds.) Binge eating: Nature, assessment, and treatment. New York: Guilford Press.
Blanchard, E. B., & Andrasik, F. (1985). Management of chronic headache: A psychological approach. Elmsford, NY: Pergamon Press.
Cognitive Behavioral Therapy for Arthritis Pain (Cost = $35.00. Contact: Francis Keefe, Ph.D., Department of Psychology, Room 229, Porter Hall, Ohio University, Athens, OH 45701. Telephone: (614) 593-1064).
Keefe, F. J., Beaupre, P. M., & Gil, K. M. (1997). Group therapy for patients with chronic pain. In R. J. Gatchel & D. C. Turk (Eds.) Psychological treatments for pain: A practitionerís handbook. New York: Guilford Press.
Turk, D. C., Meichenbaum, D., & Genest, M. (1983). Pain and behavioral medicine: A cognitive-behavioral perspective. New York: Guilford Press.
Laurence A. Bradley, Ph.D., Division of Rheumatology, 429 Tinsley Harrison Tower, University of Alabama-Birmingham, Birmingham, AL 35294
Francis Keefe, Ph.D., Department of Psychology, Room 229, Porter Hall, Ohio University, Athens, OH 45701, Telephone: (614) 593-1064, Fax: (614) 593-0579
Dennis Turk, Ph.D., Center for Pain Evaluation / Pain Treatment Institute, University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, 4601 Baum Boulevard, Pittsburgh, PA 15213
Meichenbaum, D. (1985). Stress inoculation training. New York: Pergamon Press.
Donald Meichenbaum, Ph.D., University of Waterloo, Department of Psychology, Waterloo, ON N2L 3G1 Canada, Phone: (518) 885-1211 ext. 2551, Dmeich@watarts.uwaterloo.ca
Beck, A. T., Rush, A. J., Shaw, B. F., & Emery, G.(1979). Cognitive therapy of depression. New York:Guilford.
Training is available at several centers around the U.S.See below on general training programs for cognitivetherapy.
Klerman, G. L., Weissman, M. M., Rounsaville, B. J., &Chevron, E. S. (1984). Interpersonal psychotherapy of depression. New York: Basic Books.
Cleon Cornes, M.D. & Ellen Frank, Ph.D., Western Psychiatric Institute and Clinic, 3811 O'Hara Street, Pittsburgh, PA 15213, Telephone: (412) 624-2211
Jacobson, N. S., & Margolin, G. (1979). Marital therapy: Strategies based on social learning and behavior exchange principles. New York: Brunner/Mazel.
Baucom, D.H., & Epstein, N. (1990). Cognitive- behavioral marital therapy. New York: Brunner/Mazel.
Azrin, N. H. & Besalel, V. B. (1979). A parent's guide to bedwetting control. New York: Pocket Books.
Full Spectrum Home Training for Nocturnal Enuresis. (Contact: Arthur C. Houts, Department of Psychology, University of Memphis, Memphis, TN 38152. Cost=$5.00).
Anxiety Managment for Generalized Anxiety. (Contact: Secretary, Department of Psychology, Warneford Hospital, Headington, Oxford, OX3 7JX. Cost = £2, prepayment required).
Controlling Anxiety. (Contact: Secretary, Department of Psychology, Warneford Hospital, Headington, Oxford, OX3 7JX. Cost = £2, prepayment required).
Brown, T., O'Leary, T., & Barlow, D. H. (1994). Generalized anxiety disorder. In D.H. Barlow (Ed.), Clinical handbook of psychological disorders. New York: Guilford.
Zinbarg, R. E., Craske, M. G., & Barlow, D. H. (1993). Therapistís guide for the Mastery of Your Anxiety and Worry program. San Antonio, TX: Psychological Corporation.
Training is available at several centers around the U.S. See below.
Steketee, G. (1993). Treatment of obsessive compulsive disorder. New York: Guilford Press.
Riggs, D. S. & Foa, E. B. (1993). Obsessive compulsive disorder. In D.H. Barlow (Ed.), Clinical handbook of psychological disorders. (2nd ed., pp. 180-239). New York: Guilford.
Obsessive-Compulsive Foundation, Inc., P.O. Box 70, Milford, CT 06460-0700, Telephone: (203) 878-5669, Fax: (203) 874-2826, E-mail: Jim Broatch
Barlow, D. H., & Cerny, J. A. (1988). Psychological treatment of panic. New York: Guilford Press.
Barlow, D., & Craske, M. (1994). Mastery of your anxiety and panic - II. San Antonio, TX: The Psychological Corporation. (Both therapist and client versions are available, as is an agoraphobia supplement. To order call (800) 211-8378.)
Clark, D. M. (1989). Anxiety states: Panic and generalized anxiety. In K. Hawton, P. Salkovskis, J. Kirk, & D. M. Clark (Eds.) Cognitive behavior therapy for psychiatric problems. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Salkovskis, P. M., & Clark, D. M. (1991). Cognitive treatment of panic disorder. Journal of Cognitive Psychotherapy, 3, 215-226.
The Psychological Corporation, Order Service Center, P.O. Box 839954, San Antonio, TX 78283-3954, Telephone: (800) 211-8378
Cognitive Behavioral Group Therapy for Social Phobia. (Cost = $20.00. Contact: Social Phobia Program, Department of Psychology, Temple University, Weiss Hall, 1701 N. 13th Street, Philadelphia, PA 19122-6085. Telephone: (215) 204- 1575, Fax: (215) 204-2155, E-mail: email@example.com).
Turner, S.M., Beidel, D.C., & Cooley, M. (1997). Social effectiveness therapy: A program for overcoming social anxiety and phobia. Toronto: Multi-Health Systems (U.S. Telephone: (416) 424-1700, Fax: (416) 424-1736).
Richard Heimberg, Ph.D., Social Phobia Program, Department of Psychology, Temple University, Weiss Hall, 1701 North 13th Street, Philadelphia, PA 19122-6085, Telephone: (215) 204-1575, Fax: (215) 204-2155, E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
Psychological Consultation Center, Anxiety Disorders Clinic, Debra A. Hope, Ph.D., Center Director, 325 Burnett Hall, Department of Psychology, University of Nebraska-Lincoln, Lincoln, NE 68588-0311, Telephone: (402) 472-2351, E-mail: email@example.com
Harlan R. Juster, Ph.D., Anxiety and Phobic Disorders Program, 1A Pine West Plaza, Washington Avenue Extension, Albany, NY 12205, Telephone: (518) 862-1665, Fax: (518) 862-1668, E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
Marks, I. (1978). Living with fear. New York: McGraw Hill.
Craske, M. G., Antony, M. M., & Barlow, D. H. (1997). Mastery of your specific phobia, therapist guide. San Antonio, TX: The Psychological Corporation.
Forehand, R., & McMahon, R. J. (1981). Helping the noncompliant child: A clinicianís guide for parent training. New York: Guilford.
Kozloff, M. A. (1979). A program for families of children with learning and behavior problems. New York: Wiley.
Parent-Child Interaction Therapy (Cost = $25.00. Contact: Sheila Eyberg, Ph.D., Department of Clinical and Health Psychology, Box 100165, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL 32610, Fax: (352) 395-0468, E-mail: email@example.com).
Patterson, G. R., Reid, J. B., Jones, R. R., & Conger, R. E. (1975). A social learning approach to family interaction (Vol. 1). Eugene, OR: Castalia Publishing.
Patterson, G. R., & Forgatch, M. (1987). Parents and adolescents living together --Part 1: The basics. Eugene, OR: Castalia Publishing.
Forgatch, M., & Patterson, G.R. (1987). Parents and adolescents living together --Part 2: Family problem solving. Eugene, OR: Castalia Publishing.
Sanders, M. R., & Dadds, M. R. (1993). Behavioral family intervention. Needham Heights, MA: Allyn & Bacon.
The following training centers all offer supervised training in cognitive therapy for professionals. The extent of each training program varies, from a workshop series to a full postdoctoral fellowship. Some of them offer week-long programs for professionals who do not live near one of the centers. In addition, several of these centers market audio- and video- training tapes as an aid to learning about cognitive therapy. Contact each center directly for more specific information about their training opportunities and cost.
Center for Cognitive Therapy, 1101 Dove Street, Suite 240, Newport Beach, CA 92660, Telephone: (714) 646-2044
Center for Cognitive Therapy, University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, 3600 Market Street, Room 754, Philadelphia, PA 19104, Telephone: (215) 898-4100
Cleveland Center for Cognitive Therapy, 24100 Chagrin Blvd., Suite 470, Beachwood, OH 44122, Telephone: (216) 831-2500, FAX: (216) 831-4035 e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
Cognitive Therapy Training Program, Cognitive Therapy Center of New York, 120 East 56th Street, Suite 530, New York, NY 10022 Telephone: (212) 588-1998(ext. 5)
Beck Institute for Cognitive Therapy and Research, CSB Building - Suite 700, One Belmont Avenue, Bala Cynwyd, PA 19004-1610, Telephone: 610-664-3020
Chambless, D.L., Baker, M.J., Baucom, D.H., Beutler, L.E., Calhoun, K.S., Crits-Christoph, P., Daiuto, A., DeRubeis, R., Detweiler, J., Haaga, D.A.F., Johnson, S.B., McCurry, S., Mueser, K.T., Pope, K.S., Sanderson, W.C., Shoham, V., Stickle, T., Williams, D.A., & Woody, S.R. (in press). Update on empirically validated therapies, II. The Clinical Psychologist.
Chambless, D.L., Sanderson, W.C., Shoham, V., Bennett Johnson, S., Pope, K.S., Crits-Cristoph, P., Baker, M., Johnson, B., Woody, S.R., Sue, S., Beutler, L., Williams, D.A., & McCurry, S. (1996). An update on empirically validated therapies. The Clinical Psychologist, 49(2), 5-18.
Sanderson, W.C., & Woody, S. (1995). Manuals for Empirically Validated Treatments: A Project of the Task Force on Psychological Interventions.The Clinical Psychologist, 48(4), 7-11.
Task Force on Promotion and Dissemination of Psychological Procedures. (1995). Training in and dissemination of empirically-validated psychological treatments: Report and recommendations. The Clinical Psychologist, 48(1), 3-23.
Although this listing originated as an effort of the Division 12 Task Force on Psychological Interventions, we are publishing it as individuals rather than as representatives of the Division. This is to make clear that this report is not intended to be viewed as a clinical guideline, standard, or official policy statement of either the Division of Clinical Psychology or of the American Psychological Association.
We thank Dianne Chambless, who served as chair of the Task Force from 1993 to 1997, for her encouragement and assistance in the preparation of this resource. We also thank all those who wrote to suggest training opportunities or treatment manuals for this resource listing. This listing is intended as a growing resource for researchers and clinicians. We welcome your continued feedback on the materials listed here, as well as your suggestions for materials we have overlooked. Please contact either of us:
Sheila Woody, Ph.D., Department of Psychology, Yale University, P.O. Box 208205, New Haven, CT 06520-8205, e-mail: email@example.com
William C. Sanderson, Ph.D., Department of Psychiatry, Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Montefiore Medical Center, Bronx, NY 10467-2490, e-mail: SANDERSO@aecom.yu.edu
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